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A NSW Government website


In NSW, royalty is payable for coal, petroleum and certain minerals.

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Royalties are a key revenue source for the NSW Government. In 2021-22, coal provided about $3.5 billion in royalty and minerals and petroleum provided about $200 million.

Royalties go into consolidated revenue for allocation through the budget process. The NSW Government has set aside a portion of coal royalties for the Royalties for Rejuvenation fund.

Royalty rates

Value-based royalty

Value-based royalty is charged as a percentage of assessable revenue less allowable deductions. 

    Royalty rate
Petroleum onshore and offshore 10%
Coal Open cut coal 8.2%
  Underground coal 7.2%
  Deep underground coal 6.2%


4% royalty rate    
Agate Germanium Quartz crystal
Antimony Gold Rare earth minerals
Apatite Graphite Rhodonite
Arsenic Ilmenite Rubidium
Asbestos Indium Ruby
Beryllium minerals Iron minerals Rutile
Bismuth Jade Sapphire
Cadmium Lead Scandium and its ores
Caesium Leucoxene Selenium
Chalcedony Lithium Silver
Chromite Manganese Strontium minerals
Cobalt Marine aggregate Sulphur       
Columbium Mercury Tantalum
Copper Molybdenite Thorium
Corundum Monazite Tin
Cryolite Nephrite Topaz
Diamond Nickel Tourmaline
Emerald Niobium Tungsten and its ores
Emery Oil shale Turquoise
Galena Ores of silicon Vanadium
Garnet Platinum Zinc
Geothermal substances Platinum group minerals Zirco

Fixed-rate royalty

35 cents a tonne    
Agricultural lime Chert Gypsum
Bauxite Clay/shale Structural clay
40 cents a tonne    
Calcite Halite (incl. solar salt) Magnesium salts
Dolomite Limestone Potassium salts
    Sodium salts
70 cents a tonne    
Barite Magnesite Pyrophyllite
Bentonite (including Fuller's Earth) Marble Quartzite
Borates Mica Reef quartz
Chlorite Mineral pigments Serpentine
Diatomite Olivine Sillimanate-group minerals
Dimension stone Peat Staurolite
Feldspathic materials Perlite Talc
Fluorite Phosphates Vermiculite
Kaolin Potassium minerals Wollastonite

Paying royalties

View information on paying royalties